SPA description
(information as published 2001)

Calf of Eday

image: SPA location map 


The Calf of Eday is a small, uninhabited island located to the north of the island of Eday in the Orkney archipelago in northern Scotland. The island has a rocky coastline with cliffs on the north and east coasts. The dominant vegetation on the island is dry dwarf-shrub heath dominated by Heather Calluna vulgaris, with smaller areas of wet heath, semi-improved grassland and coastal grassland. The site is of importance as a nesting area for breeding seabirds, which feed in surrounding waters outside the SPA and use most of the island for loafing. Gulls and Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo nest in the dry heath and grassland areas, whilst Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis, Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla and auks nest on the cliffs. 


Qualifying species

For individual species accounts visit the Species Accounts section


 Assemblage qualification: A seabird assemblage of international importance


The area qualifies under Article 4.2 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by regularly supporting at least 20,000 seabirds
During the breeding season, the area regularly supports 30,000 individual seabirds (Estimate, as at 1997) including: Guillemot Uria aalge, Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla, Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus, Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis.



Many designated sites are on private land: the listing of a site in these pages does not imply any right of public access.
Note that sites selected for waterbird species on the basis of their occurrence in the breeding, passage or winter periods also provide legal protection for these species when they occur at other times of the year.