SPA description
(information as published 2001)

Glen App–Galloway Moors

image: SPA location map 


Glen App – Galloway Moors SPA is located in south-west Scotland. It comprises a large upland area that extends north from Castle Kennedy, in Dumfries and Galloway, to Ballantrae in South Ayrshire. The area is mainly covered by heather moorland and rough grassland. The site comprises three distinct areas of moorland: Penderry Hill, Beneraird/Lagafater, and Braid Fell. The moorlands are generally degraded and grassy, and show the consequences of a long history of management for sheep and Red Grouse Lagopus lagopus scoticus. The moorlands once formed a more continuous habitat in the wider upland area, but in recent decades this has been fragmented by afforestation. Penderry Hill is the highest point (309 m) in a range of gentle, low hills to the north of Glen App. Most of this area is covered in degraded heather moorland with areas of rough, agriculturally unimproved grassland. In some areas, agricultural intensification has resulted in the creation of semi-improved grassland, often with an abundance of rushes Juncus spp. The site supports a breeding population of European importance of the Annex I species Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus. A diverse range of other upland birds occurs on the moorlands, although not at levels of European importance. 

Qualifying species

For individual species accounts visit the Species Accounts section

This site qualifies under Article 4.1 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by supporting populations of European importance of the following species listed on Annex I of the Directive:
During the breeding season;
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus, 20 pairs representing at least 4.0% of the breeding population in Great Britain (1998 National Survey)



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