SPA description
(information as published 2001)


image: SPA location map 


Caenlochan is a large area of montane plateau in the Grampian mountains in the east Scottish Highlands. The site is centred on Glas Maol (1,068 m) at the head of Caenlochan Glen. The varied geology and topography, with both acidic and calcareous rocks, presents a diverse range of habitats, with dwarf-shrub and bryophyte heath, mire, grassland, herb-rich communities, open water, snow-bed communities and woodland. The site is particularly notable as one of the best upland botanical sites in Britain. It is one of the most important sites in the EC for its montane/upland birds, supporting an assemblage found in few other areas. This includes breeding Dotterel Charadrius morinellus, which also use the site as a gathering ground during onward spring migration to Scandinavian breeding areas. It forms part of a network of suitable sites for nesting Dotterel, with birds moving between them at various stages of the breeding season. 


Qualifying species

For individual species accounts visit the Species Accounts section

This site qualifies under Article 4.1 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by supporting populations of European importance of the following species listed on Annex I of the Directive:
During the breeding season;
Dotterel Charadrius morinellus, 40 pairs representing at least 4.8% of the breeding population in Great Britain (8 year mean, 1987-1994)
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos, 6 pairs representing at least 1.5% of the breeding population in Great Britain (Count, as at mid-1990s)



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