SPA description
(information as published 2001)

Crouch and Roach Estuaries (Mid-Essex Coast Phase 3)

image: SPA location map 


The Crouch and Roach Estuaries are located on the coast of south Essex in eastern England. The River Crouch occupies a shallow valley between two ridges of London Clay, whilst the River Roach is set predominantly between areas of brick earth and loams with patches of sand and gravel. The intertidal zone along the Rivers Crouch and Roach is 'squeezed' between the sea walls along both banks and the river channel. Unlike more extensive estuaries elsewhere in Essex, this leaves a relatively narrow strip of tidal mud which, nonetheless, is used by significant numbers of birds. The site is of importance for wintering waterbirds, especially Dark-bellied Brent Goose Branta b. bernicla.

The Crouch and Roach Estuary is an integral component of the phased Mid-Essex Coast SPA. 
For more information see Phased, extended and subsumed SPAs

Qualifying species

For individual species accounts visit the Species Accounts section

This site qualifies under Article 4.2 of the Directive (79/409/EEC) by supporting populations of European importance of the following migratory species:
Over winter;
Dark-bellied Brent Goose Branta bernicla bernicla, 3,074 individuals representing at least 1.0% of the wintering Western Siberia/Western Europe population (5 year peak mean 1991/2 - 1995/6) 


Many designated sites are on private land: the listing of a site in these pages does not imply any right of public access.
Note that sites selected for waterbird species on the basis of their occurrence in the breeding, passage or winter periods also provide legal protection for these species when they occur at other times of the year.