Data sources

Data are a fundamental source of evidence for assessments, reporting, planning action and modelling and predicting the outcomes of policy options. So making sure that data sources are accessible and available is critical if conservation is to be effective.


JNCC has a strong role in this area. We ensure that data we invest in through surveillance become available for others to use. In addition, we invest heavily in co-ordination mechanisms that ensure data from a range of sources become available through centralised and standardised sources. Finally, we have role in advising and influencing broader scale strategies and mechanisms.


National Biodiversity Network (NBN)

The NBN mobilises species records across the UK. Many of the records are collected by volunteers and there is a huge resource potentially available - estimates suggest that across the UK there are more than 200million. A large proportion of that total are already available through the NBN Gateway. We have a very active role, having overall responsibility for technical development and service to data providers and users.


Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)

GBIF aims to put in place means to standardise the publication of primary species data around the world by bringing together a set of standards and the tools to implement them. We have had a very active role in advising on the development of GBIF and lead the contribution of UK data through the NBN.


Biodiversity Action and Reporting System (BARS)

BARS provides a mechanism to allow the conservation-related activities and progress to be collated into a central repository. By doing so there will be better co-ordination and a more holistic picture of the total effort. We are now responsible for the development of this application.


Surveillance and Monitoring data

We invest in a portfolio of land-based surveillance schemes with partners. Their data is available under data policies that put them to use for public benefit in decision-making, research and education.


Marine Environmental Data and Information Network (MEDIN)

Sampling in the marine environment is relatively expensive and historically much of the data gathered has not become available for re-use. MEDIN aims to create standards for all types of marine data collection and establish Data Archiving Centres where data can be deposited for long-term storage. We have a technical advisory role with MEDIN and lead the standards area.


Mapping European Seabed Habitats (MESH)

MESH aims to collate and standardise habitat maps for the seas around north-west Europe and provide access to those maps to support the management of the marine environment. The project is led by JNCC.


Internationally-designated sites in the UK

We maintain the definitive copy of current sites both on land and at sea that have been designated under European or international legislation. It includes details of the reasons for each designation.


Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe (INSPIRE)

The implementation of the INSPIRE Directive aims to set up an infrastructure for spatial information in Europe so that data become available in the standardised way. It addresses 34 spatial data themes needed for environmental applications with key components specified through technical rules. Our role is to help with the development of some standards and to advise how INSPIRE works in the UK.


Species designations database

We keep a database of species designations including Red Lists, Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Lists, species listed on European Directives, species listed on the Schedules of the Wildlife & Countryside Act and lists of rare and scarce species. We have worked to collate many of the current and make them available to users as a single downloadable spreadsheet.


Marine survey data

We collect survey data  in the offshore area to support designation recommendations for Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) and identification of Marine Conservation Zones (MCZs).