Region 4. South-east Scotland: Montrose to Eyemouth
Barne, J.H. et al
Effective management of the coastal zone depends on good knowledge of its resources and what affects them. The JNCC's Coastal Directories project, co-ordinated by JNCC on behalf of a wide-ranging funding consortium, collated extensive baseline environmental and human use information, including fisheries, for the coastal and nearshore marine zone of the whole of the UK, including Northern Ireland, the Isles of Scilly, Shetland, Orkney and the Isle of Man. The information is designed to meet the needs of planners and coastal zone managers and users. A disk set, in Adobe Acrobat format, is available to complement the book edition of most regional volumes and is supplied with free Windows-compatible reader software.


Region 4 covers the coastal zone of south-east Scotlandsouthwards from Montrose, including Angus, the City ofDundee, Perth and Kinross, Fife, Clackmannanshire,Stirling, Falkirk, West Lothian, the City of Edinburgh,Midlothian, East Lothian and the Scottish Borders.  The coast is 533 km long - 4.5% of the total coastline of Scotlandand 2.8% of that of Great Britain.  It has a varied geology, for the most part formed of Devonian and Carboniferous rocks(410-290 million years old).  In contrast to Region 3 to thenorth, which has a rugged and open character, this regionhas a much gentler topography, with the immediate coastalhinterland lying mostly below the 250 m contour. 
The Firth of Forth, one of the major estuaries in the UK, and the Firthof Tay bring maritime influence many kilometres inland.Winds at Edinburgh Airport (Turnhouse) are mainlyfrom the west and south-west (>50% of the time) or from the north-easterly sector (>35% of the time). Much of the regionis relatively sheltered from gales from the north and,especially, the west. Local topography may have animportant influence on onshore breezes, particularly instorms, but its impact is less than on the west coast of Scotland, where the mountains are much closer to the sea.Tidal range is moderate and, at 4 m, typical of much of the Scottish coast. It can rise to 6 m (at Leith and Rosyth) onspring tides, and once in five years a tidal surge generatedby weather conditions can be expected to add another 1.5 mto all stages of the tide.
Agricultural use in the region includes intensive arablefarming as well as livestock (cattle and sheep) rearing.Dundee and Perth on the Tay and Stirling and Edinburgh onthe Forth are the main urban centres, although towns and villages are distributed along much of the coast. Industrial activities include oil refining and storage, coal mining (nowlargely ceased) and power generation. Fishing, once a major activity, occurs on only a relatively small scale today. Unlike the higher, more rugged landscapes to the north and west,the landscape is not a major tourist attraction, but the sandybeaches, golf courses and historical interest help to sustain a substantial tourism industry.
224 pages A4 hardback
ISBN 1 873701 78 0
Please cite as: Barne, J.H. et al, (1997), Region 4. South-east Scotland: Montrose to Eyemouth, 224 pages A4 hardback, ISBN 1 873701 78 0