A6.106 Annex I and migratory species for which no SPAs have been selected


2. Breeding waders

Little Ringed Plovers Charadrius dubius have colonised Britain during the twentieth century and the species is especially associated with exposed sand and gravel banks. It has accordingly benefitted from the development of minerals and aggregate extraction in lowland England and Wales and is especially associated with this habitat. The population is relatively small and there are no known internationally important concentrations. Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus formerly bred in the UK in very small numbers, but there have been no recent breeding records. Woodcock Scolopax rusticola are widely, but locally, distributed across Britain and Ireland, occurring in woodlands. They occur at low densities. Especially given the large numbers of this species occurring in continental Europe (Britain holds between 1%–4% of the European total), there are no known concentrations of international importance. Both breeding and wintering Woodcocks occur on many SPAs classified for other species within the UK network. Common Sandpipers Actitis hypoleucos breed widely in upland Britain and Ireland. They are territorial waders occurring adjacent to streams and other flowing water. There are no known concentrations of international importance, although the species occurs incidentally in most upland SPAs classified for other montane and sub-montane birds. Britain lies on the northernmost edge of the European range of Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus which is essentially a Meditteranean species. The species has regularly occurred in the breeding season at one site since 1995 (Ogilvie and the Rare Birds Breeding Panel 1998,1999). There are no current, or likely future, concentrations of this species at levels of international importance.