Species assessments


Readers may find the following background documents useful in understanding how the assessments have been made:
  1. Guidance from the European Commission on making conservation status assessments, especially the data matrices in the appendix.
  2. The approach taken by JNCC to reach these conclusions. 
The reporting format set by the European Commission requires assessment of the conservation status of each species on Annexes II, IV and V of the Directive:
  • Annex II:  Animal and plant species of Community interest whose conservation requires the designation of Special Areas of Conservation
  • Annex IV: Animal and plant species of Community interest in need of strict protection
  • Annex V:  Animal and plant species of Community interest whose taking in the wild and exploitation may be the subject of management measures
The 89 species on these annexes for which the UK has responsibility, are listed in the table below.  29 species on Annexes IV and V of the Directive, which are classed as vagrants or occasional visitors to the UK, have not been fully assessed.  Instead,  a paragraph of information has been provided on the occurrence of each of these vagrant species.

Downloads and links


IMPORTANT: Please note that some zip files are large and download time may be affected.

Code Species Annex(es) Supporting information
Invertebrate species: annelids
S1034 Hirudo medicinalis, Medicinal leech V S1034 audit trail
Invertebrate species: molluscs
S1013 Vertigo geyeri, Geyer's whorl snail II S1013 audit trail
S1014 Vertigo angustior, Narrow-mouthed whorl snail II S1014 audit trail
S1015 Vertigo genesii, Round-mouthed whorl snail II S1015 audit trail
S1016 Vertigo moulinsiana, Desmoulin's whorl snail II S1016 audit trail
S1026 Helix pomatia, Roman snail V S1026 audit trail
S1029 Margaritifera margaritifera, Freshwater pearl mussel II; V S1029 audit trail
S4056 Anisus vorticulus, Little ramshorn whirlpool snail II; IV S4056 audit trail
Invertebrate species: arthropods
S1044 Coenagrion mercuriale, Southern damselfly II S1044 audit trail
S1058 Maculinea arion, Large blue butterfly IV S1058 audit trail
S1065 Euphydryas aurinia, Marsh fritillary butterfly II S1065 audit trail
S1079 Limoniscus violaceus, Violet click beetle II S1079 audit trail
S1083 Lucanus cervus, Stag beetle II S1083 audit trail
S1092 Austropotamobius pallipes, White-clawed crayfish II; V S1092 audit trail
S4035 Gortyna borelii lunata, Fisher's estuarine moth II; IV S4035 audit trail
Vertebrate species: fish
S1095 Petromyzon marinus, Sea lamprey II S1095 audit trail
S1096 Lampetra planeri, Brook lamprey II S1096 audit trail
S1099 Lampetra fluviatilis, River lamprey II; V S1099 audit trail
S1102 Alosa alosa, Allis shad II; V S1102 audit trail
S1103 Alosa fallax, Twaite shad II; V S1103 audit trail
S1106 Salmo salar, Atlantic salmon II; V S1106 audit trail
S1109 Thymallus thymallus, Grayling V S1109 audit trail
S1149 Cobitis taenia, Spined loach II S1149 audit trail
S1163 Cottus gobio, Bullhead II S1163 audit trail
S2492 Coregonus albula, Vendace V S2492 audit trail
S2494 Coregonus lavaretus, Whitefish V S2494 audit trail
S5085 Barbus barbus, Barbel V S5085 audit trail
Vertebrate species: amphibians & reptiles
S1166 Triturus cristatus, Great crested newt II; IV S1166 audit trail
S1202 Bufo calamita, Natterjack toad IV S1202 audit trail
S1207 Rana lessonae, Pool frog IV S1207 audit trail
S1213 Rana temporaria, Common frog V S1213 audit trail
S1223 Dermochelys coriacea, Leatherback turtle IV S1223 audit trail
S1261 Lacerta agilis, Sand lizard IV S1261 audit trail
S1283 Coronella austriaca, Smooth snake IV S1283 audit trail
Vertebrate species: mammals (marine)
S1349 Tursiops truncatus, Bottlenose dolphin II; IV S1349 audit trail
S1350 Delphinus delphis, Common dolphin IV S1350 audit trail
S1351 Phocoena phocoena, Harbour porpoise II; IV S1351 audit trail
S1364 Halichoerus grypus, Grey seal II; V S1364 audit trail
S1365 Phoca vitulina, Common seal II; V S1365 audit trail
S2027 Orcinus orca, Killer whale IV S2027 audit trail
S2029 Globicephala melas, Long-finned pilot whale IV S2029 audit trail
S2030 Grampus griseus, Risso's dolphin IV S2030 audit trail
S2031 Lagenorhynchus acutus, Atlantic white-sided dolphin IV S2031 audit trail
S2032 Lagenorhynchus albirostris, White-beaked dolphin IV S2032 audit trail
S2618 Balaenoptera acutorostrata, Minke whale IV S2618 audit trail
S2621 Balaenoptera physalus, Fin whale IV S2621 audit trail
S5031 Physeter macrocephalus (also known as catodon), Sperm whale IV S5031 audit trail
Vertebrate species: mammals (terrestrial)
S1303 Rhinolophus hipposideros, Lesser horseshoe bat II; IV S1303 audit trail
S1304 Rhinolophus ferrumequinum, Greater horseshoe bat II; IV S1304 audit trail
S1308 Barbastella barbastellus, Barbastelle II; IV S1308 audit trail
S1309 Pipistrellus pipistrellus, Common pipistrelle IV S1309 audit trail
S1312 Nyctalus noctula, Noctule IV S1312 audit trail
S1314 Myotis daubentonii, Daubenton's bat IV S1314 audit trail
S1317 Pipistrellus nathusii, Nathusius' pipistrelle IV S1317 audit trail
S1320 Myotis brandtii, Brandt's bat IV S1320 audit trail
S1322 Myotis nattereri, Natterer's bat IV S1322 audit trail
S1323 Myotis bechsteinii, Bechstein's bat II; IV S1323 audit trail
S1326 Plecotus auritus, Brown long-eared bat IV S1326 audit trail
S1327 Eptesicus serotinus, Serotine IV S1327 audit trail
S1329 Plecotus austriacus, Grey long-eared bat IV S1329 audit trail
S1330 Myotis mystacinus, Whiskered bat IV S1330 audit trail
S1331 Nyctalus leisleri, Leisler's bat IV S1331 audit trail
S1334 Lepus timidus, Mountain hare V S1334 audit trail
S1341 Muscardinus avellanarius, Common dormouse IV S1341 audit trail
S1355 Lutra lutra, Otter II; IV S1355 audit trail
S1357 Martes martes, Pine marten V S1357 audit trail
S1358 Mustela putorius, Polecat V S1358 audit trail
S1363 Felis silvestris, Wildcat IV S1363 audit trail
S5009 Pipistrellus pygmaeus, Soprano pipistrelle IV S5009 audit trail
Lower plant species
S1376 Lithothamnium coralloides, Maerl V S1376 audit trail
S1377 Phymatholithon calcareum, Maerl V S1377 audit trail
S1386 Buxbaumia viridis, Green shield-moss II S1386 audit trail
S1390 Marsupella profunda, Western rustwort II S1390 audit trail
S1393 Hamatocaulis (Drepanocladus) vernicosus, Slender green feather-moss II S1393 audit trail
S1395 Petalophyllum ralfsii, Petalwort II S1395 audit trail
S1400 Leucobryum glaucum, Large white-moss V S1400 audit trail
S1409 Sphagnum sp., Bog-mosses V S1409 audit trail
S5113 Cladonia subgenus Cladina, subgenus of lichens V S5113 audit trail
Higher plant species
S1413 Lycopodium sp., Clubmosses V S1413 audit trail
S1421 Trichomanes speciosum, Killarney fern II; IV S1421 audit trail
S1441 Rumex rupestris, Shore dock II; IV S1441 audit trail
S1528 Saxifraga hirculus, Marsh saxifrage II; IV S1528 audit trail
S1614 Apium repens, Creeping marshwort II; IV S1614 audit trail
S1654 Gentianella anglica, Early gentian II; IV S1654 audit trail
S1831 Luronium natans, Floating water-plantain II; IV S1831 audit trail
S1833 Najas flexilis, Slender naiad II; IV S1833 audit trail
S1849 Ruscus aculeatus, Butcher’s broom V S1849 audit trail
S1902 Cypripedium calceolus, Lady's-slipper orchid II; IV S1902 audit trail
S1903 Liparis loeselii, Fen orchid II; IV S1903 audit trail
No. of species = 89
There are four species included in the Gibraltar report, one of which is also recorded in the Atlantic/Marine Atlantic Biogeographic Region within the UK's territorial boundary.

Vagrant species




Return to Graphics version

| JNCC - Adviser to Government on Nature Conservation | Site Map | Search | Legal | Feedback | List Access Keys |