Mapping of the UK Biodiversity Indicators against the EUBS Targets and Actions


EUBS Target

UK indicators

(primary / indirect)

EUBS Action

UK indicators

(primary / indirect)

Target 1: Fully implement the Birds and Habitats Directives

C3a, C3b

C1, C2, C4a, C4b, C5, C6, C7, C8

Action 1: Complete the establishment of the Natura 2000 Network and ensure good management.

C1, C3a, C3b

Action 2: Ensure adequate financing of Natura 2000 sites.


Action 3: Increase stakeholder awareness and involvement and improve enforcement.

A1, A2

Action 4: Improve and streamline monitoring and reporting.

No relevant indicators

Target 2: Maintain and restore ecosystems and their services

D1a, D1b, D1c

B5a, B7, C1, C2, C3a, C3b, C4a, C4b, C5, C6, C7, C8

Action 5: Improve knowledge of ecosystems and their services in the EU.

D1a, D1b, D1c


Action 6: Set priorities to restore and promote the use of green infrastructure.


Action 7: Ensure no net loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services.

No relevant indicators

Target 3: Increase the contribution of agriculture and forestry to maintaining and enhancing biodiversity

B1a, B1b

C3a, C3b, C5a,b, C6a, C9a, C9b, D1b, D1c

Action 8: Enhance direct payments for environmental public goods in the EU Common Agricultural Policy.


Action 9: Better target Rural Development to biodiversity Conservation.

No relevant indicators

Action 10: Conserve Europe’s agricultural genetic diversity.

C9a, C9b

Action 11: Encourage forest holders to protect and enhance forest biodiversity.



Action 12: Integrate biodiversity measures in forest management plans.


Target 4: Ensure sustainable use of  fisheries resources

B2, D1a

B5b, C3aC3bC5d



Action 13: Improve the management of fished stocks.



Action 14: Eliminate adverse impacts on fish stocks, species, habitats and ecosystems.


C5d, B5b, B2

Target 5: Combat Invasive Alien Species


Action 15: Strengthen the EU Plant and Animal Health Regimes.

No relevant indicators


Action 16: Establish a dedicated legislative instrument on Invasive Alien Species.

No relevant indicators

Target 6: Help avert global biodiversity loss

A4, E2

A1, A2, A3, A5, B1a, B1b, B2, B3, B4, B5a, B5b, B6, B7, E1

Action 17: Reduce indirect drivers of biodiversity loss.

A3, A4, A5

Action 18: Mobilise additional resources for global biodiversity conservation.


Action 19: ‘Biodiversity-proof’ EU development cooperation.

No relevant indicators

Action 20: Regulate access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their use.

Indicators not yet developed

Note: Indicators are classed as either ‘primary’ – suggesting they are of direct relevance to the Target or Action; or ‘indirect’ – suggesting their relevance or importance is less direct.